by Taylor Hamilton Taylor Hamilton No Comments

Why British Sweets Are About More Than Saccharin & Sour

British sweets have a long and tremendously wonderful history about them. The mere mention of a lolly shop sends waves of nostalgic excitement through the spines of many of you. These wonderful and delectable treats have made the smiles around the UK and the rest of the world sweetened and oh so wonderful.

There is a slight change in the wind as time goes on, the health police are making their presence known and treating the humble British sweets as if they’re as dangerous as cigarettes which could not be further from the truth. The notion of British sweets has been around since the dawn of civilization, every quality street package you unwrap and eat, is a part of a long and beautifully winded history.

While too much of a good thing can eventually lead to a bad thing, there should never be a mistake in considering these wonderful treats to be a piece of history, and like anything, enjoyed in moderation to ensure the specialness is maintained.

This article will go over some of the more predominant examples of exemplary British sweets that have a sweetened hint of history about them.


This infamous treat has an incredible history behind it, said to have been brought over by monks or crusaders returning from the middle eastern regions to the English commonwealth. It was in the 1760s that the sugary treat became more well renowned for its delicious properties rather than its original notion. Originally unsweetened, it was believed to have medicinal properties to the point that the liquorice roots themselves were stored in unused dungeons as the demand incrementally exploded.

It wasn’t until an apothecary named George Dunhill added sugar to the mixture that it became a purely pleasurable experience. The sugar also made it chewable, which was then molded into a round black discs that were then known as ‘Pontefract Cakes’ named after the area in which George Dunhill resided at the time.

Who would have known that British sweets had such a colourful and intrinsic history, every time you bite into a little liquorice disc, consider the fact that the recipe was formulated before a lot of the western world existed.

Jelly Babies

Strange to imagine British sweets without talking about one of the more interesting backstories in the confectionary story of the UK. Jelly Babies are a byproduct of Victorian industry and reportedly occurred without intention, a happy accident of epic proportions that led to one of the most successful British sweets in history.

An Austrian confectionary maestro was working on jelly-based British sweets for the company Fryers of Lancashire in the late 1800s and had a mould for ‘Jelly Bears’ that was meant to be straightforward. However, upon realising that they resembled babies more than bears they decided to remarket and utilise the wastage. The term ‘Unclaimed Babies’ was coined to market them to the public, since the notion was quite common at this point in history.

However, in the 1950s the more politically correct term of Jelly Babies was utilised and one of the more infamous British sweets was given the spotlight forevermore.


In the end, British sweets are a part of our collective history, with so many stories hidden away in the saccharin, and a few sour notes to give it a little bit of texture. Overall, there is no better way to determine the measure of a country’s history and impact on the world than with the delights they choose to give it. For the UK, British sweets leave quite the legacy behind.


by Taylor Hamilton Taylor Hamilton No Comments

How Clients Find Adelaide Speech Pathology Services They Trust

Adelaide speech pathology services operate for a range of different community members. From young children struggling with their development to older clientele who suffer from illness, injury or disability, it pays to use the expertise of trained practitioners that deliver positive outcomes. This is a chance to see how people search for experts from day one in this industry.

Seek Out Recommendations From Community Members

The work of Adelaide speech pathology services is critically important to the quality of life of individuals. Without the capacity to communicate effectively, day-to-day activities become a challenge. This is where community recommendations hold a great amount of currency. If they advocate for their work and outline what they do and how they do it, then people will have a lot more confidence in their speech pathology expertise. Hold these discussions and see which friends and family members stand by their provider.

Take Note of Online Profile

Identifying Adelaide speech pathology services who deliver the goods is not always a simple exercise. Particularly for family members who don’t have a point of reference, it can be a challenge to navigate what kind of professional is required in the circumstance. Thankfully there is a lot of information and feedback published through online profiles. 5-star ratings and comments are displayed across search engines, apps and social media hubs, giving constituents the chance to survey the opinion of other clientele and see for themselves who enjoys a track record of success.

Industry Accreditation & Credentials

Clients cannot have a lot of confidence in Adelaide speech pathology services if they do not arrive at the table with their credentials and industry accreditation. Connections with the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) will give authenticity to specialists, but there are many other networks and associations that outline their standing in the sector. Whether they are public or private bodies, pay attention to these factors as they influence their level of resources and access for community members.

Examining Their Service Approach

How flexible are Adelaide speech pathology services exactly? This is a field that deals with brain injuries, dementia, learning disabilities and beyond. Participants in this context need assistance with articulation through their voice, with reading and writing, with correct speech and even concerns around swallowing, eating and drinking. The key point for clients and those looking out for their interests on their behalf is to find specialists who can customise their approach and ensure that the circumstances and conditions of the individual are used as the framework to build a plan.

Identifying Brand Quotes & Service Costs

While there are Adelaide speech pathology services that are covered under the NDIS, there can be some providers who do charge constituents certain fees and provisions. In order to have complete clarity on this subject and ensure that the budget is looked after, it is beneficial to request quotes and to read the fine print on service costs. This will help local members to navigate the level of access they are afforded and pinpoint the approach of each specialist moving forward.

Taking Part With The Service

Participants can guess and speculate about Adelaide speech pathology services for days and weeks on end. Yet there comes a stage where individuals need to take part and see for themselves how they operate, how approachable they are and whether or not they will be suitable for a continued program. The good news is that there are no long-term lock-in contracts where clients are limited by their movement, especially when it comes to NDIS providers. By reaching out and getting involved in their practice, it will be easy to judge how much progress is being achieved and if they are a willing participant who wants to engage more.

by Taylor Hamilton Taylor Hamilton No Comments

Bongs Are Called Billys in Australia

If you’re part of the 64% majority mainstream of law-abiding citizens in Australia who don’t take illicit substances, then you might have wondered what bongs are? Bongs are either home-made or glass manufactured water pipes used mainly for the smoking of cannabis or hashish. In Australia the colloquial or slang terminology for a bong is a billy, as in “billabong”.

Bongs and Cone Pieces

Bongs are composed of three main parts and a cone piece in which the cannabis is burnt with a lighter or match flame. The first part of the traditional marijuana water pipe is the glass shaft which is held in the user’s hand. It is sealed off at the bottom with a rubber base and has an open-top where the mouth is placed to inhale the filtered smoke.

The second part is the metal stem which is a smaller pipe inserted into the side of the shaft and protrudes at an angle from the bong and is sealed with rubber at the connection. The cone piece then fits nicely into the outside opening of the stem and the user’s free hand brings the lighter to the cannabis in the cone. The final part of most traditional bongs is the ‘shoddy’, or small hole in the shaft where the thumb of the holding hand is placed to seal the water pipe and form more of a vacuum for the initial ‘toke’ or inhalation of the burning hemp. Of course, bongs are filled with water to a point not beyond the level of the shoddy but enough to cover the lower part of the stem so it can act as a filter for the smoke.

Do Users Prefer Bongs to Joints?

Joints, or marijuana cigarettes, are generally good for a small ‘hit’ of THC, the chemical component that gives the cannabis ‘hit’. Because a joint is small you can carry it around and smoke it somewhere outside in public. Smoking bongs gives the user a bigger rush and initial high and usually becomes part of a ritual of cannabis smoking for regular hemp smokers.

You can make your own bong from an empty drink bottle, and in the 1970s bongs were sometimes called “orchys” because of the brand of orange juice bottle used as the main shaft. Home-made cannabis water-pipes still require a stem, which is usually cut from a garden hose and even a shoddy can be made with a knife or scissors. Sometimes users will form an extra seal on the hose pipe by heating the plastic so it sets a firm seal around the entry point of the garden hose.

The Best Bongs to Buy in Australia?

Man smoking with marijuana in a bong

Apart from The ACT and Victoria, it is illegal to even own a bong in Australia. A person can be charged with possession of drug paraphernalia according to most states laws if found with a cannabis water pipe in their home. Cannabis itself too, and the sale and distribution of bongs is still illegal throughout Australia, however, first time offenders are mostly given a caution or diversion depending on amount and context the seizure.

Having said this, well-designed and beautifully crafted bongs are available online, and even under-the-counter at some tobacconists. If you want to purchase bongs from a tobacco store you have to ask discreetly and depend on the owner’s charity at whether he or she will sell you a glass cannabis water-pipe.

Ancient Bongs Around the World

The first known bongs to be used by mankind were attributed to ancient Russians over two thousand years ago, and since then discoveries in Africa have found bongs made from horns and wood during the medieval period of history. Today, bongs are made from glass and rubber seals and metal, with the middle eastern Hookah being the most elaborate type of hemp water pipe.

Using bongs is synonymous with smoking cannabis and is a choice made by individuals for any number of reasons. The fact that Australia now provides legal cannabis for medicinal purposes, and seems to be moving towards greater decriminalisation of marijuana, could see the eventual sale of bongs on the open market in a much more enlightened country.